Slacktastic. Huh? That isn’t a word. It should be. Want a definition? Here it is: an athlete with fantastic potential who tends to be a slacker during strength & conditioning sessions. Now that you know what it means, I’m sure that you can think of an example. We’ve all dealt with this athlete before. You know the kid, the one with great potential, the one who halfway does his warmup, who you always have to wait on to start a drill because he or she is taking their sweet time, the one who always complains and has an excuse. Yeah, that kid. Usually these kids have been gifted with decent athletic skills. That’s why they tend to be slackers, because they’ve always been able to get by on their natural ability. When these athletes are training individually or in a small group, it becomes harder for them to be a slacker. Even though they may still try to get out of things, hopefully this can be cured through good coaching. What about in a large group setting? That is when the slacktastic athlete really comes out. When the weightroom has more bodies in it, these athletes tend to find ways to take their time, skip exercises, etc. In an ideal situation, there will be multiple coaches in the room to help with supervision. Unfortunately, especially in high schools nowadays, there is rarely enough supervision to coach effectively and to eliminate problems. That’s when it becomes very important for coaches to “have eyes in the back of their heads”. That’s also when a coach has to make sure that what they see from a kid is really what they are getting from the kid. I’ve heard stories of kids putting on a great show when they know that the coach is watching. If they aren’t being watched, their slacktastic qualities shine through. Part of being a great coach is truly getting to know your athletes. This is part of that. Discovering that a kid isn’t putting out 100% also gives a coach (or parent) a chance to teach some life lessons. This is a valuable part of athletics that should never be overlooked. Of course, possibly the greatest reason to hold these athletes accountable is because it can affect your team. Other kids are great at picking up on these sorts of problems. Many times the hard working kids will know who doesn’t go all out. This then leads to negative feelings, especially if the kids that don’t work hard all of the time still get lots of playing time. These issues tend to stay small as long as things are going well. However, as soon as the team faces adversity these problems tend to snowball. The best way to prevent these sorts of issues? Hold all of your athletes accountable every day. Make sure that the “superstars” realize that you know if they aren’t giving 100%. You can also try to create competitive situations where the “slacktastic” athetes will be held accountable by their teammates. While it can be a challange to deal with those who don’t go all out every day, dealing with and solving this issue is part of good coaching.
Do you take your time when you shop for food? Do you look at food labels? You should. As we all know, proper nutrition is a key part of the sports performance training plan. Yes, we all know if we go to buy a frozen pizza that it’s probably going to be bad for us. But what about all of the other things we buy? Do you pay attention to those? Some of those might not be as good for you as you think. I know, when we go to the grocery store we’re usually in a hurry. We don’t want to spend any longer than we have to in there, especially if the place is packed with other people. That isn’t my favorite time to be there either. Unfortunately, to be a smart shopper, you need to find a way to spend some time there.
Why is it worth your time? Because you want to be the best. You can never be sure what might be holding you back (or pushing your competition further ahead). Nutrition can very well be the difference maker.
If you are going to improve your nutrition, it starts with some basic steps:
Knowing what you are taking into your body right now
Knowing what your nutritional needs really are
Deciding what adjustments that you need to make
Making wise nutritional choices so that you can make the adjustments
Since I’m not a trained nutritionist, I’ll limit the advice that I try to give in that area. The one thing that I can say is that you should look at food labels carefully. There are so many items that are available for us to eat. However, so many of them are flat out bad for us. As a general rule, you should know why you are eating everything that you put in your mouth (no, “Because I’m hungry” isn’t a good answer). You should never buy something if you don’t check the nutritional info first. Take a little time and look at the info on calories, fat, etc. Compare this info to that on similar products. You might find some surprises. As you can imagine, not all products are created equal.
Nutrition plays a huge role in our athletic success. While looking at the labels closely may not be the most fun thing to do, it can lead to some enlightening discoveries. You might find out that you weren’t doing as well in the nutrition department as you thought. Because of this, the extra time that you spend on your trip to the grocery store may pay huge dividends.
I was looking in a catalog recently and came across an item called the airope. What is it? Basically, it’s a jumprope without the rope. It is two handles that each have a short length of rope attached to them. For a better idea, please see the picture below.
Want to take the athleticism out of jumping rope?
I guess the idea is to make it easier to do jump rope activities with people who may struggle to get the hang of it. The price – $35. Of course, for $5 I can buy a regular jump rope and do numerous activities with clients. What if they have problems getting used to using the rope? Wouldn’t it be easier to start them with the “non-rope” version? NO!!! Easier isn’t the point. Jumping rope is and always has been a great training tool. It helps to develop balance, coordination, and let’s not forget the plyometric benefits of the jumping itself. Why take away any of the benefits? If you have a client who can’t jump rope, loan them one and have them practice at home.
As for drills that I have clients do using the rope, here is a partial list:
Two foot jumps in place
One foot jumps in place
Two foot lateral jumps
Variations of form running while using a jumprope (high knees, etc)
One/Two foot jumps while moving
Obviously it is important to start off with the easiest jumps and progress to more difficult ones. I feel that jumping rope is one activity that should be incorporated into your training plans regularly. I try to find a place for it at least once a week. Oh, and in case you were wondering, I use the $5 – $10 ropes. They work just fine and they keep the athleticism in the activity.
I spent this past weekend at a volleyball tournament. Most of the players were 12 – 14 years old. With so much volleyball to watch, I tried to use it as a chance to gain a better perspective of the sport. I was trying to look at it from both an ATC viewpoint and a strength and conditioning one. I made several observations, some of which I’ll post later this week.
Today I thought that I would discuss the one that stood out the most. One team had a player that I feel is a recipe for a future ACL injury. First off, I hope that I’m 100% wrong. Now for the facts. The girl was already wearing a knee sleeve on one knee, and probably not by coincidence, she had a bad habit of landing only on that same leg after a jump. She was also somewhat overweight. Now, please don’t read too much into the fact that I said that she’s overweight. I don’t believe that fact itself guarantees a torn ACL. I do however believe that it could contribute if other factors are present. My major concerns revolved around her landing mechanics. While I don’t know the girl or her medical history, I would guess that poor mechanics have led to previous knee problems. My question is this: has anyone else realized this? Have her coaches noticed during the endless hours of practice and games? What about her doctor, assuming she saw one about her knee? The next question is when will they work on her landing mechanics? We all know that poor landing mechanics lead to bad things, especially for female athletes. Unfortunately, the first time this gets addressed may be in rehab after an ACL repair. The sad thing is that a good jumping / landing program might be able to lessen the chance of a serious knee injury ever occurring to this girl.
If you deal with high level athletes, overtraining is always a concern. Of course, even with younger athletes it can become an issue especially if the parents are pushing the kid. While there is a certain level of work that has to be put in for an athlete to maximize their potential, more isn’t always better when it comes to training. Overtraining can cause decreases in performance and leave athletes with an increased chance of injury. Obviously this is the opposite of what we are trying to do. Overtraining occurs over of a period of time when the athlete is not able to adequately recover from training. It doesn’t happen just because you have one hard workout.
So how can you monitor your athletes for overtraining? Here are a few ways:
Pay attention during the warm-up – If your athlete just doesn’t have that “bounce in their step” that they normally do, it could be a sign of overtraining. Watch the drills that the athlete performs and see if it’s just a day that the athlete is taking a little longer to get up to speed or it is a sign of a real issue. Of course, this tip goes right along with the next one.
Talk to your athlete – Want to know how your athlete feels? Ask them. Of course, sometimes it helps to know your athlete well. We’ve all worked with athletes that always feel great and with ones that always have something wrong. Make sure to talk to your athlete especially before the workout and during the warm up. This a great time to find out valuable info about eating and sleeping habits and many other factors that can affect their training and recovery. Ask some questions and if your get some strange responses then make sure to ask more questions.
Check their vertical jump – Some coaches advocate using the vertical jump test to evaluate overtraining. The idea is simple: an athlete that is overtrained won’t jump as high as they normally do. This is quick and easy way to check an athlete.
Use a questionnaire – Some coaches use a simple questionnaire to get info from the athlete. The questions are similar to ones that you would ask verbally (ex – “how did you sleep last night?”) but are given in paper form. While slightly more formal, this can be an effective way to get answers. It can also enable you to ask some different questions that you might not normally ask during the warm-up (about moods, depression, menstrual changes, etc). Because of this, it might be a good idea to find or create a questionnaire that can be used occasionally just to get a more complete view of your athletes recovery.
While there are other more expensive ways to monitor for overtraining, such as blood testing, for most of us these are not feasible or necessary. If you use the above methods you will be able to do an effective job of monitoring your athletes. This should enable them to continue to improve without any issues.
My wife and I were helping at church this weekend and the kids were playing “red light, green light“. As I watched the kids play, I realized how much value simple games like this have. The game makes you start, accelerate, then stop when presented with a stimulus. Kind of reminds me of sports. Think about how much time we spend trying to teach athletes these very skills. As I watched the kids, I tried to watch their footwork as they played. Did they have perfect footwork? No. But you know what? It wasn’t that bad either. No one was complaining, nobody was forcing anyone to play, and nobody blew out an ACL. The kids just had fun.
I remember several years ago when a veteran PE teacher told me that it was terrible that they had taken dodgeball out of the PE curriculum. He explained that dodgeball teaches kids to throw and helps them to develop agility, coordination, and balance. Now, I understand that dodgeball has gotten a bad rap because somebody ends up getting picked on in the game. I get that in the kinder, gentler society that we are a part of, games like this have been pushed aside. Unfortunately, I believe that the development of athletic skills is a positive that we shouldn’t overlook.
For some reason in the U.S., we are in such a hurry to find the next phenom that we aren’t letting kids play these simple games and develop their basic skills. We are too much of a hurry to get a kid to specialize on the field or the court so that they can get offered a college scholarship. There needs to be a major shift in our thinking in this country. A lot of folks are probably doing more to mess their kids up than they are to help them. Young kids should spend more time playing “red light, green light”, “tag”, “dodgeball”, and numerous other simple games. In the end, it would create better athletes who weren’t physical and mental wrecks by the time they are 18 years old.
“The Iron never lies to you…The Iron will always kick you the real deal. The Iron is the great reference point, the all-knowing perspective giver…two hundred pounds is always two hundred pounds.” – Henry Rollins
I found this quote recently and it really made me think. How many times have we been around someone who says that they can lift this much, run this fast, etc. They’re always fast and strong, at least according to what they say. Once you get them in the weightroom (or on a stopwatch), the reality just isn’t quite what you’ve been told. I think that a lot of the athletes that I have trained were “mistaken” about their strength and speed on that first day. It’s almost become a running joke for me during the initial evaluation – how far off from the athletes perception is the reality? I don’t think that I’ve done an eval yet where they ended up stronger than the thought they were. I guess that’s part of the neat thing about our business – you can tell all of the stories to others (or yourself) that you want to, but in the end, the weights and the stopwatch will tell the truth.
I’ve written previously about training barefoot and the possible benefits. It seems like the concept is becoming more popular lately. There are more books being published and the concept is getting more coverage in the mainstream media. Recently an article on barefoot training appeared in the Huffington Post. With all of the recent interest, I thought it might be a good idea to mention a few tips before throwing away all of your training shoes.
What shoes to wear for training today? How about going barefoot!
Tips for Barefoot Training
Ease into it – Most of us haven’t spent lots of time barefoot since we were kids. Keep this in mind when you start training barefoot. Our feet have become used to the support and protection of shoes. Since your feet will probably have to go through an adaptation process, don’t try to do everything barefoot right off the bat. It might be a good idea to start going barefoot more around the house,if you don’t already. Then start by doing your warm-up without shoes. If you are doing a proper dynamic warm-up, it should take you 10-15 minutes to complete. This should give your feet a chance to begin to get used to going without shoes. After this, gradually add in more barefoot time.
Choose soft surfaces – Ok, maybe this one is common sense but I still thought that it was worth mentioning. Soft surfaces give you cushioning when your feet land on the ground. They also help to limit the amount of surface damage (small cuts, scrapes, etc) to your feet. While this is a good idea in general, it is especially important when first starting out your barefoot adventures.
Be selective in your activities– Continuing along with the general idea of safety, you should probably choose activities that are fairly safe for your feet, especially at first. This probably isn’t the time to work in some depth jumps, for example. Stick with easier activities and remember that there are still some things that it might be a good idea to wear shoes while doing (e.g., weightlifting).
I’ve been wondering what the new training “fad” will be for 2012. Maybe barefoot training will be it. Ok, maybe not if Nike has anything to say about it haha. Regardless, give barefoot training a try. It will help your feet to gain strength and movement that they haven’t had since you were a kid.
As everyone was putting out their “best of 2011” lists recently, I came across a post that goes right along with my thoughts on sports specialization. It brings up some good points. Rather than rehash the post, I encourage you to read it and see how well it echos my thoughts. It also gives us a few new points to think about in the sports specialization argument. Check it out here How young is too young to specialize in a sport?
There was a good article published recently about developing young athletes. It focuses on sports specialization in young athletes. Besides the normal reasons I have used to put down the practice of early specialization, it cites another major one. It points out that according to much of the work on Long Term Athletic Development, if a child specializes at too early of an age, they will fail to develop basic athletic skills. The lack of these skills will then limit their overall athletic potential. I believe that this is 100 % correct. I recently watched a high school sporting event. While I was at the event, I spent time analyzing the basic athletic skills of some of the athletes (running form, agility, etc). While some of the players were certainly gifted, it was obvious that many of them had never been coached on basic running form and footwork. Many of the athletes on the field were getting by purely on natural ability. I saw some of the fastest players on the field display poor form. If they had been trained to run well previously, they would have been much faster. Not only would they have made their team better, they would have been better individually. Obviously that should appeal to those who are chasing college scholarships.
So, while early sport specialization can increase the chance of injury for your child, it can also actually limit their overall athletic development. Ironically, isn’t that the opposite of what certain people keep saying? It seems that many coaches continue to convince parents and kids that playing one sport year round is the way to go. My advice when you hear statements like this – don’t believe it!!! Give your child a chance to try other sports, train to develop their overall athletic skills, and last but not least, to be a kid.